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 组织学术语表: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
包括由2000年修订的医学科学院解剖学系Brian Brian博士汇编的历史渊源和别名。
ANAT2241支持 | 组织学 | 组织学污渍 | 历史术语 | 胚胎学术语

缩略语: ( ) plural form in brackets, 一种。 Arabic, abb。 abbreviation, C。 circa =about, F。 French adj. adjective, G。 Greek, German, cf. compare, L. Latin, 暗淡。 diminutive, 不适用 Nomina anatomica, q.v. which see, 的。 古法语

帕基奥尼, 安东尼奥1665-1726罗马& Tivoli anatomist; Pacchionian bodies = arachnoid granulations (1705), q.v.

Pachymenix G。厚脸皮 = thick + 梅尼克斯 = a membrane; the dura mater.

帕西尼,菲利波。 1812-1883年的比萨& 佛罗伦萨解剖学家; Vater-Pacini的层状(洋葱状)小体在皮肤中的表达(1840年);腱鞘。

口感L.atum属 = roof of mouth.

栅栏 L.麻痹 = stake; like a fence of stakes.

掌状褶皱cf. ica蒲。

睑裂 调整L.睑板 = eyelid, from L. palpitare = to move quickly.

顶状调整 L.amp = full of vine tendrils + 形式 = shape; a tangled mass of veins in spermatic cord.

胰腺 G。 = all + 克雷斯 = edible flesh; a sweetbread (though less of a delicacy than the thymus); intestinal exocrine & endocrine gland.

胰岛小岛或 胰腺内分泌细胞簇; cf.朗格汉斯。

脂膜脂肪L. = a little piece of cloth, a rag + L. adeps = fat (adiposus is a L. corruption); the hypodermis (Berengarius, 1524).

潘妮丝, Josef. 1857-1890 Breslau & Vienna physiologist; P. cells (1887) = eosinophilic cells at base of intestinal crypts of Lieberkühn.

乳头状 (-ae) L. = a teat, a nipple; a nipple-like projection, e.g., on the tonge (Malpighi, c. 1670; cf. circumvallate, filiform, foliate, fungiform, vallate); duodenal papilla (containing duodenal ampulla); optic papilla; renal papilla (Berengarius, c. 1480-1550).

乳头状的调整 L.”;真皮的最表层,在表皮正下方包含细胶原蛋白纤维;在心室内表面形成隆起的心肌纤维。

G. = beyond, beside, near.

副diG +Didymos = testicle; remains of mesonephros situated on the spermatic cord above the epididymis= organ of Giraldès, q.v.; also = organ of Waldeyer.

副神经节(-ia)G +神经节 = a swelling; clumps of chromaffin tissue scattered alongside sympathetic nerves in thorax and abdomen; cf. Zuckerkandl.

角蛋白G +凯拉斯 = horn; a type of keratin formed in superficial cells at sites of abrasion and rapid epithelial renewal, e.g., gingiva, tongue, tonsillar crypts, palate.

子宫内膜 G +麦特拉 = womb, uterus; loose, fatty connective tissue in the broad ligament around uterus.

甲状旁腺G +锡瑞罗斯 = a shield (cf. thyroid gland); gland lying "alongside" the thyroid.

实质 G +恩基姆 = to pour in; the essential functional cells of an organ as opposed to its stroma, q.v. (NB. the accent is on the "e", not the "y").

巴黎(-市)L.馅饼 = a wall; cf. body wall around a coelom q.v.

顶壁的 调整L.顶叶 = relating to walls; the outer region or wall as opposed to visceral.

oö荧光素G。帕拉 = beside + ö上 = egg + 幽灵 = bearing; minute tubules of the mesosalpinx lying adjacent to the uterine tube, derived from caudal part of embryonic mesonephros.

腮腺G。帕拉 = beside + = of the ear; a salivary gland.

偶发的 L.比里奥= I bear (children).

帕尔斯L. = a part; a part of an organ, or structure, e.g., pars iridica retinae; pars nervosa; pars distalis, etc.

聚苯乙烯 p周期性的acid& S戚夫试剂;碳水化合物的组织化学染色,涉及通过先用高碘酸处理产生醛基,然后使这些基团与席夫试剂反应生成品红色。

珍珠 1.凝结物2.少量坚硬的材料,例如角蛋白珍珠,搪瓷珍珠,痰液中的粘液珍珠。

果胶调整L.果胶 = a comb; musculi pectinati = muscular bands passing forwards from crista terminalis in wall of right atrium (including the crista, resembles a comb).

花梗 L.小ped = a little foot, dim. L. 佩斯;茎附着于生长过程;肾小球足细胞的蒂

L.小ped = a little foot (dim. of L. 佩斯 = a foot); stem or connecting stalk of a tumour; bony process connecting the lamina of a vertebra to its body; renal pedicle = renal "stalk".

透明质 L. = through + 露丝 = to shine; translucent; e.g., zona pellucida of ovarian follicle; septum p. of brain.

骨盆 L. = a basin.

青霉的 调整L.青霉 = a paint-brush, from L. 彭纳老水浒传全集 = a feather; branching into many short segments, as in the penicillar arterioles of the spleen

阴茎L. = a tail.

胃蛋白酶原G。佩皮斯 = digestion + 根南 = to produce; a precusor of pepsin = enzyme that aids digestion.

周围 G. = around, about.

心包 G +卡迪亚 = heart; of two types: visceral (covering the heart) and parietal (lining the pericardial sac).

软骨膜 G +软骨 = granule, gristle, cartilage; connective tissue and cellular layer surrounding cartilage.

周细胞 G +kytos = hollow vessel; mesenchymal cell adjacent to capillaries.

周核 G +卡里翁 = nucleus; body of a nerve cell surrounding its nucleus; soma, q.v.

淋巴G.“ + L.淋巴 = clear fluid; a bastard term (from G. & L.) for fluid in bony labyrinth surrounding the membranous labyrinth; cf. endolymph.

包膜 G +我的 = muscle; connective tissue around a muscle fascicle.

会阴神经老水浒传全集 G +神经元 = sinew; a lamellated sheath of connective tissue and cells around a nerve fascicle.

牙周膜要么G +odons = tooth; fibro-elastic tissue (including Shapey's fibres) joining the tooth to its alveolar socket in the bone.

牙周膜G。 ” ;牙根周围的所有组织。

老水浒传全集 骨膜 G +骨质 = bone; fibrous membrane covering bone, attached to bony matrix by Sharpey's fibres.

外周神经系统中枢神经系统外的神经和神经细胞; abb。 PNS。

蠕动 G +停滞 = a contraction, from 硬脂酸 = to constrict; progressive contractile wave along body tubes (Culpeper, 1655); adj. peristaltic.

腹膜G。peri = 左右+ 肌氨酸 = to stretch around; membrane stretched around the lining of the abdominal sac and ensheathing some viscera; adj. peritoneal.


yer, Johann Konrad. 1653-1712 Schaffhausen, professor of Logic, Rhetoric & Natural Science; P.'s patches = aggregated lymphatic nodules in terminal ileum (1673).

吞噬作用 G。噬菌素 = to eat + kytos = cell + = a condition of; process by which a cell engulfs foreign particles, dead material, etc.

指骨 调整G。方阵 = a band of soldiers (a Greek army division in battle order); phalangeal cells = sustentacular cells in organ of Corti whose processes extend upwards between the hair cells like fingers; Deiters, q.v.

G. = throat; adj. pharyngeal (? G. 指骨 = a cleft, chasm).

苯丙氨酸G。ios = dusky red + 梅拉斯 = black; pigment found in red hair.

G. phlegma = thick mucus; one of four humours of early physiology; thought to be a discharge from brain; cf. pituitary.

lo 红色细胞质染料。

感光体G。 = light + L. 收据 = I receive; bastard term for light-sensitive cells in retina.

物理的G。物理学家 = natural; the art of medicine.

皮亚母校 L.皮乌斯 = soft, faithful (L. 圣母怜子图 是主要美德之一)母校 = mother; delicate vascular membrane which adheres to surface of brain and spinal cord, faithfully following their contours.

苦味酸 黄色染料。

发声马达 L.菌毛 = a hair + 发动机 = mover; causing hair movement; cf. arrector pili.

松果体L.皮纳 = pine cone; cone-shaped gland of the brain; cf. conarium.

胞饮作用 G。松脂 = to drink + kytos = cell + = a condition of; process by which a cell takes in droplets of fluid.

垂体L.皮塔塔 = phlegm, snot; gland at base of brain thought to be responsible for nasal secretion, via perforations in cribriform plate of ethmoid (Vesalius, c. 1560).

胎盘L. = a flat cake, from G. 亚麻- = flat- ; (Ge. 穆特库琴 = "mother-cake" = placenta).

等离子体 G. = a thing formed; liquid component of lymph, blood; NB. plasma membrane = cell membrane.

疟原虫G +-oeides = like; a continuum of protoplasm in which many nuclei are embedded, e.g., placental plasmodium = syncytiotrophoblast.

溶质G +裂解 = solution; shrinkage of a cell due to osmotic pressure.

血小板 的。盘子 = flat; small, non-nucleated discoids in circulating blood derived from fragmentation of megakaryocytes.

多态的 G。ple = more + 语素 = form; varying in shape and size.

胸膜 (-ae) G. = rib, side; serous membrane covering lungs and lining thorax; parietal and visceral pleurae.

神经丛 (-一世) L. = a braid; a woven network of linear structures, especially nerves.

普利卡 (-ae) L的腐败plicare = to fold; in13th century a scalp infection endemic in Poland was called 波利卡波尼卡 (波兰辫子);任何形式的折叠。

褶皱通告L. = circular folds; actually transverse folds that are not circular in small intestine = valves of Kerckring, q.v.

棕榈icaL +棕榈科 = like palm trees; flat mucosal folds like palm fronds in uterine cervical canal.

足细胞 G。Podos = foot + kytos = hollow vessel (cell); cell in renal glomerulus with many feet (foot processes) and pedicels.

-poiesis G. = making or producing; suffix as in haemopoiesis, leucopoiesis.

极体 受精卵的较小子核。

波尔基森 Ge. = pole cushion; extraglomerular mesangial cells at vascular pole.

多色性的 G。多边形 = many + 色度 = colour + 菲林 = to love.

多形核abb。 多态) 调整G +语素 = form; having a nucleus with different shapes (multiple lobes), e.g., a neutrophilic leucocyte.

多倍体G +-oeides = form of; G. = manifold; having several sets of chromosomes; cf. diploid, haploid, aneuploid.

多核糖体 核糖体的聚集。

毛孔L. = hole, aperture; nuclear pore = aperture in nuclear envelope.

肝门L. = door + 肝炎 = of liver; fissure at hilum of liver; NB. portal vein was vein entering porta hepatis.

Porta lienisL. = door + L. 列尼斯 = of the spleen; fissure at hilum of spleen.

门户网站 调整L.Portare = to carry; of a vascular system carrying blood between infundibulum and adenohypophysis = hypothalamohypophyseal portal system. (NB. portal vein is named from L. = door).


突触后膜与第一细胞的突触末端相对的第二细胞上的膜区域; cf.突触。

包皮 L.小白菜 = prepuce or covering of glans penis (? from G. + 后河 = penis; or ? L. 普陀 = I stink, from smell of smegma, q.v.; thus uncleanliness is figuratively termed 古人).

突触前膜末梢布氏突触中神经细胞的区域; cf.突触。

黄体酮G。 = before + L. 杰瑞 = to bear; hormone from corpus luteum preparing the uterus for pregnancy.

前期 G。 = before + 阶段 = phase, from 菜豆素 = to appear, to show; first stage in mitosis of somatic cells.

前列腺 G。 = before + G. Istanai = to stand, or ? L. 地层 = stood; standing before; male gland at base of ("before") bladder; Aristotle uses 前列腺炎 = varicose prostate = seminal vesicles; Herophilus (c. 300 BC) uses 腺腺体 = glandular prostate; Galen (c. 180 AD) uses 前列腺 精囊和前列腺的完整复合体,基于动物解剖。

原生质G。原始人 = first + 等离子体 = a thing formed; living matter (Purkinje).

近端L. = nearest (to the head, to a source, etc.); opposite to distal, q.v.

肺炎 G。诗篇 = sand + 奥马 = tumor; laminated concretions found in the pineal gland (cf. brain sand, acervulus)

假po(-ia)G。假人 = false, fraud + Podos = foot; temporary extension of a cell.

伪分层 G。假人 = false, fraud; simple epithelium where not all apical borders of cells reach lumen, thereby appearing to be stratified.

假单极 G。 ” ;一种感觉神经节细胞,在胚胎中是双极的,但在成年时具有一个轴突,该轴突分叉成一个中心分支和一个外围分支,该外围分支表现为树突状。 cf.双极。

PTAH pHosphot不敬的acid和h苏木精染色。

阴毛L. = signs of manhood; hair of genital region.

肺的L.普尔莫 = lung.

纸浆L. = soft, fleshy; central part of a tooth; parts of spleen; central part of a finger.

vinL. = a cushioned couch (used by the gods); the raised posterior part of the thalamus, q.v.

泪点L. = a point + of tears; opening of lacrimal duct at inner canthus of the eye.

瞳孔L. = a girl, damsel, a doll (as in puppet); L. 瞳孔 = small doll-like images seen mirrored in the eye, led to term 瞳孔 虹膜的中央光圈(Cicero)。

浦肯野(Purkyne), Johannes Evangelista, Ritter von. 1787-1869 Breslau pathologist, Prague physiologist; famous microscopist; early use of microtome; recognized importance of fingerprints (1823); P. cells = largest cerebellar neurones with extensive dendrites (1837); P. cells = conducting heart cells (1845); P. phenomenon = casting shadows of retinal blood vessels.

虚构的 G。皮克诺斯 = thick, close, compact + = condition; a nucleus with very condensed chromatin; a shrunken nucleus.

幽门 G。pyle = 门+ 我们的 = a guard; a gate-keeper, a janitor; distal, sphincteric orifice of stomach (Galen, c. 180 AD).

锥体细胞G。金字塔形 = pyramid; cell in the cerebral cortex with a pyramid-shaped soma.

组织学术语表: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ANAT2241支持 | 组织学 | 组织学污渍 | 胚胎学术语

引用此页:马萨诸塞州希尔(2020年,10月23日)胚胎学 组织学术语表-P. Retrieved from /embryology/index.php/Histology_Glossary_-__P

? Dr Mark Hill 2020, 新南威尔士州胚胎学 ISBN:978 0 7334 2609 4-UNSW CRICOS提供者代码00098G